Transformative Reactions

General Reaction Mechanics

Limitations of adjacent AoE Overload and Superconduct Damage

By: Tsym#2586 Added: 11/24/2020

Background:

  • When Overload or Superconduct are triggered, reaction damage is dealt in an AoE around the target.

  • If Overload/Superconduct is triggered simultaneously on a group of close targets, is there a limit to the number of times that they will take reaction damage from adjacent units.

    • For example, if there are 4 electroslimes bundled together and you cast Kaeya E on all of them, will each slime take Superconduct damage 4 times? (once for each slime).

Theory: Overload and Superconduct have a maximum number of times (twice) that it can be triggered on an enemy within a short period of time.

Evidence: See the two below screenshots and comments. We already know that Swirl can only proc twice on each enemy maximum from a translated document, which looks in line with these results.

https://imgur.com/a/yNQ3Ccn

https://youtu.be/tJ0ZIJLgAl8

  • Here you can see Kaeya has hit all 3 enemies with his E ability (the 516 numbers), but all nearby enemies only show 2 Superconduct damage procs (the 415 numbers)

https://imgur.com/a/2EswGxA

https://youtu.be/cek9NAnn-BU

  • For Overload, you can see here that MC has Swirled Pyro to each of the electric slimes (the 771 numbers), but each enemy only takes a single Overload damage instance (the 7717 figure) despite the fact that each enemy should probably proc Overload separately for the AoE damage. Note that I also tested this using Amber's ultimate to make sure that Swirling wasn't causing this, which yielded the same results and I can show that image too/instead. It's just harder to see what's happening in that one.

Significance: This strongly caps the potential AoE damage from both reactions, making Superconduct always strictly worse than Swirl and Overload in terms of damage.

Overload

Overload Reaction ICD

By: Sir_pick_the_prick#2209, Terrapin#8603, Isu#6867, and Aluminum#5462 Added: 6/4/2021 Discussion

Finding: Overload, and so far overload alone, seems to have a reaction specific icd of 0.5 sec (15 frames in 30 fps and 30 frames in 60 fps) where enemies overloaded or hit by the aoe caused by an overload procced by one character is then immune to the damage caused by overload procced by that character for 0.5 seconds. They still suffer the same effects except damage, such as gauge reduction and stagger.

Evidence:

  • clip 1: after gaining 2u electro from beidou tap e, klee n1c, but only produces damage of 1 overload. Enemy is cleansed, therefore the reaction did occur but no damage is dealt after overload 1.

  • clip 2: the second treasure hoarder hit is hit by 2 overloads, 1 originating from himself and the other from an ally hit by overload. However, despite being in a cluster of 3 enemies hit in the second overload as evidenced by hit double knockback, only 2 numbers appear, showing his invulnerability to the overload the second time.

  • clip 3 and 4: in both cases, the enemy is first hit by 4u from beidou.

    • Then, in clip 3, guoba is summoned, who then attacks within 3 frames of klee who autoattacks. 2 overload numbers appear.

    • In clip 4, guoba is not summoned, and klee just n1cs. 1 overload number.

  • clip 5: bennett applies gauge 3 times from level 2 e, but only causes 2 overloads. the last hit is past the 0.5sec timer.

  • clip 6: Klee n1cs 2 different enemies, and overloads twice.

  • clip 7: Rosaria double scs, proving sc does not follow the same rules.

  • clip 8: This shows that multiple overloads not happening within 0.5sec caused by the same character to the same enemy is not a visual glitch. Else, the fatui would have died.

  • clip 9: original vid

    • Overloads occur at: 0.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.1, 5.0

    • As evidence of every enemy getting hit with overload. Lisa ult is just above the icd, and proves that the icd is at least <0.5 sec, as lisa attacks every 0.5 seconds, and she can cause overloads to all enemies every tick.

  • clip 10: extra vid proving lisa is on the edge of the ICD.

Significance: Not much, since gauge applications are already quite slow, so there isn't much detriment to a low damage reaction having an ICD between uses that is so short its usually out by the time the next application comes by. Might become more significant with a few more pyro off-field enablers.

Overload on Electrocuted Water Bodies

By: GrygrFlzr#6290 Added: 11/18/2020

Finding: You can trigger overload on electrocuted bodies of water.

Evidence:

  1. Find an ore near a body of water

  2. Apply Electro to body of water (e.g. Lisa charged attack)

  3. Apply Pyro to body of water (e.g. Bennett E)

  4. Observe overloaded sound effect and nearby ores breaking

https://youtu.be/27ynZ-Rkjuo

Credits to @Way for the initial finding.

Significance:

  • Potential shenanigans vs. Oceanid?

  • Alternative mining method (terrible, but hey)

  • Order of operations - does this mean overload overrides vaporize? (We now know you can trigger both reactions at once).

Superconduct

The 12 Second Duration of Superconduct

By: EternalDream#5503 Added: 12/19/2020

Finding:

Or well, more like extra verification since this isn't actually in the library yet and I know people throw around "8 seconds" a lot, but Superconduct actually lasts for 12 seconds. This is not (noticably) affected by anything like EM or skill level or GU etc, seems to be static.

Evidence:

https://youtu.be/f9V_58xISMg

https://youtu.be/PY1eCxfoYKo

Significance:

Diona is perfectly viable for SC uptime even without Sacrificial Bow when using only Hold E, leaving only 3 seconds to cover if she was the one to trigger SC in the first place (and it will usually be your Electro character instead, further closing the downtime)

In addition, like other debuffs/buffs as has been recently discovered, it is affected by hitlag extending the duration, further closing the gap for her Hold E cooldown.

Electrocharged

By: Doug#8888, Zephan#9493, HailCorporate#2970, and ayynish#5408

In EC, both hydro and electro auras may coexist and persist together.

  • This means that when you use a Hydro/Electro trigger on a Electro/Hydro aura, you are simultaneously adding a second elemental gauge and reducing the first elemental gauge.

  • The elemental trigger normally disappears after any reaction. In electro-charged, it can persist as an aura.

  • Electro-charged can also spread to adjacent targets if the following conditions are fulfilled

    • Trigger electro-charged on an enemy with Electro

    • Surrounding enemies have a Hydro aura

    • NOTE: The chain lightning simply applies the Electro damage. It will not apply auras.

  • The strength (~9 or ~12s) of the aura matters when calculating how long electrocharged will last.

  • Why is this significant?

    • Easy maintenance of electro aura on an enemy for 4TS, Lion’s roar effect.

    • Easier to trigger reactions if the triggering element persists as an aura instead of disappearing (as it would normally in all other Transformative reactions)

Consider the following Electro-charged concepts:

  • Electro-charged damage ticks once per second starting from the initial reaction. In other words, EC has a CD of 1 second and can only damage an enemy once per second. Multiple ECs on one enemy cannot exist.

    • Refer to this video. Each tick of EC (777 damage) appears 60 frames apart.

    • There is 1 exception to the 1 tick/second rule which is covered below.

  • When electro-charged occurs, it removes a certain duration from both hydro and electro auras. Every second thereafter, it will continue to tick as long as there is at least 0.5s of electro and hydro aura remaining. The duration removed from each aura depends on the strength of the original elemental aura

  • If an EC reaction occurs such that the remaining hydro or electro aura is 1s>x>0.5s, there will be an early “second” tick of EC before the 1 second interval.

  • If an EC reaction occurs such that the remaining hydro or electro aura is <0.5s, there will NOT be an early “second” tick of EC.

  • Please read below for explanations and video evidence.

What determines how much duration is removed from an existing electro/hydro aura?

  • If a strong electro or hydro aura is applied, each tick of electro-charged removes ~3s of duration.

  • If a weak electro or hydro aura is applied, each tick of electro-charged removes ~5s of duration

  • Example of Strong Electro trigger into Strong Hydro aura

  • Example of Weak Electro trigger into Strong Hydro aura

  • Example of Strong Hydro trigger into Strong Electro aura

  • Example of Strong Hydro trigger into Weak Electro aura

What if either the Strong Hydro or Electro aura has <3s (or Weak has <5s) when a tick happens?

  • Answer: A strong aura with <3s is removed after the tick. A weak aura with <5s is removed after the tick.

  • For example,

    • 0.0s: Electrocharged is triggered.

      • Weak Hydro aura = 5s left

      • Weak Electro aura = 12s left

    • 0.99s

      • Weak Hydro aura = ~4s left

      • Weak Electro aura = ~11s left

    • 1.00s: Electrocharged ticks

      • Weak Hydro aura = complete reduction and removed from enemy

      • Weak Electro aura = ~6s left (reaction consumes 5s and time decay consumes another 1s for total consumption of 6s)

  • Please note that in the above scenario, if more hydro aura is added before 5.00s, there may be enough for Hydro aura to persist on the enemy after the reaction.

What if you refill a strong aura with a weak aura or vice versa? Does the amount of duration reduction from the next EC tick change?

  • The reduction is based on the strength of the aura last applied to the enemy.

  • For example, if you refill a strong hydro aura with a weak hydro aura, the next EC tick will consume 5s.

  • For example, if you refill a weak electro aura with a strong electro aura, the next EC tick will consume 3s

  • Video evidence

What if there is insufficient electro or hydro aura left to make it to the next tick?

  • For example,

    • 0.0s: Electrocharged is triggered.

      • Hydro aura = 0.8s left

      • Electro aura = 7s left

  • Following this scenario, after 0.8s, we would run out of hydro aura so what happens? There will be an exception to the 1 tick/second rule and the next tick will occur WHEN the Hydro aura runs out

    • 0.8s: Electrocharged ticks

      • Hydro aura = complete reduction and removed from enemy

      • Electro aura = ~1.2s left (reaction consumes 5s and time decay consumes 0.8s for a total of 5.8s reduction)

  • Video evidence - note how after waiting out the Electro aura, Barbara triggers EC and the next tick occurs BEFORE the 1 second interval. This is because when the Electro aura runs out, it prompts an early 2nd EC tick.

  • Please note that in the above scenario, if more Hydro aura is added before 0.8s, then the next EC tick will occur normally at the next 1s interval.

  • There will not be a second “early” tick if the remaining Electro/Hydro aura after a tick is <0.5s.

What if after an EC trigger or tick, <0.5s remains from either the Electro or Hydro auras?

  • For example,

    • 0.0s: Electrocharged is triggered.

      • Hydro aura = 0.4s left

      • Electro aura = 7s left

  • If we go according to the above finding, we would expect there to be a second “early” EC tick. However, this is not the case.

    • 0.4s: No damage instance

      • Hydro aura = complete reduction and is removed from enemy

      • Electro aura = ~6.6s left

  • Video evidence - note how after Barbara triggers EC, there is NO SECOND HIT of EC. We theorise that this is due to the fact that <0.5s remains for the electro aura after the initial EC trigger.

What determines whether electrocharged damage is calculated using the electro or hydro user?

  • The first EC damage tick is determined by the trigger character.

  • For example, if Keqing applies an electro source to an enemy with a hydro aura, there will be a Keqing EC tick.

  • Subsequent EC damage ticks are determined by the last character to apply an elemental source before the next EC tick.

    • For example, Keqing has triggered the first EC at 0 seconds with double cast E.

      • At 0.5 seconds, she applies another electro source via an electro-imbued autoattack

      • At 0.9 seconds, a XingQiu Q sword applies hydro source

      • At 1.0 seconds, a XingQiu EC tick will occur because the last elemental source applied was via XQ sword.

    • Alternatively, considering the same scenario listed above

      • At 0.9 seconds, XingQiu Q sword applies hydro source

      • At 0.95 seconds, Keqing applies an electro source via an electro-imbued autoattack

      • At 1.0 seconds, a Keqing EC tick will occur because the last elemental source applied was via Keqing electro-imbued autoattack

  • Video evidence - note how the first EC ticks for 1713 (KQ EC) and the second EC ticks for 777 (XQ EC). This is because prior to the 2nd tick, the last elemental source applied was XQ orbital swords.

Frame testing values of EC triggered by Keqing electro-imbued autoattack

  • 0f: EC triggered (but damage hasn’t gone through yet)

  • 4f: appearance of auto attack damage

  • 8f: appearance of EC dmg value (the damage value, not the word electrocharged) and hp reduction in hp bar

  • 62f: disappearance of EC dmg value

  • 68f: appearance of 2nd EC dmg value and hp reduction in hp bar

Interaction of Other Elements with Electrocharged Targets

By: EternalDream#5503

When Electro-Charged is applied to a target and both Hydro and Electro aura remain, any further reactions from either Pyro or Cryo will trigger both the relevant reactions, not just one of them.

It is also notably not the Electro-related reaction that triggers the second one, as demonstrated by the Pyro reaction correctly Vaporizing the attack talent damage, and not the Overload damage. Both occur simultaneously.

Evidence:

https://youtu.be/UPm5WwZyGFA

https://youtu.be/iUSVzfPiq-E

Significance:

For teams that rely on Superconduct uptime, a Hydro unit does not interfere with the ability to cause Superconduct with a Cryo ability, as regardless of which element remains after an Electro-Charged reaction (only Electro remaining, only Hydro remaining, or both remaining for further Electro-Charged ticks), you will always be able to trigger Superconduct, at worst with an Electro attack into Frozen.

How Hitlag affects EC

By: BowlSoldier#3528 Added: 2/4/2021

Finding: Skills with hitlag behave differently for Electrocharged than skills without hitlag. This may also affect other elements, only tested with Electrocharge.

Evidence:

https://youtu.be/iPvFviMCX1c

It is possible to get 5 EC ticks from a 19s (1u -> 2u) aura using Razor or Beidou. In this video, we see this is not possible to do with Lisa's Held Skill. In this video, I have synced up the moment the 2u Electro skill deals damage (Beidou's actual elemental application is a few frames earlier, but is difficult to measure due to hitlag).

In Lisa's video on the left, you can see that there is no lingering Electro after 4 ticks, which is the result we would normally expect.

In Beidou's video on the right, there is a lingering Electro after 4 ticks. This is not because I took longer to apply Childe's Hydro: in fact, Childe applies Hydro SOONER in Lisa's video, which would normally lead to a longer lingering Electro when using Beidou or Razor. These results can be reproduced consistently when comparing Lisa's 2u Held Skill to Razor or Beidou's 2u Skills.

Going 1u Electro into either type of skill still produces a 19s duration Electro aura, so the duration of both cases are the same. They both still apply 2u Electro.

The only difference between these that I know of is hitlag. Is it possible the Hitlag is somehow causing these skills to skip Aura Tax, or to extend the 2u in some other way?

EDIT: My current belief is that doing this order of 1u Electro -> 2u Razor/Beidou E -> 2u Hydro is bugged, and causes the 4th tick of Electrocharged to not consume any Electro gauge. The remaining duration on the lingering Electro matches this hypothesis.

Significance:

Hitlag may be throwing off a lot of our testing, definitely in EC and possibly in other elements. Hopefully this is some sort of bug.

Gauge Decay Rates of Hydro and Electro Auras

By: Bobrokrot#0111 Added: 2/4/2021

Theory: Gauge decay rates are separate for auras of different elements.

Evidence:

In the clip https://youtu.be/bVB30BY10QE provided by BowlSoldier#3528 the following happens: 1U Electro followed by 2U Electro followed by 2U Hydro (the Hydro application happens 59 frames after the 2U Electro application). Then, after 4 EC ticks the Hydro aura is completely removed whereas Electro aura persists for another 0.5 seconds despite the fact that it was applied before the Hydro.

This phenomenon can be explained by a theory that different auras have separate decay rates. That is, when we applied 2U Hydro it did not inherit the 1U decay rate of the Electro aura but rather has its own 2U decay rate.

The case for 2U aura at 1U decay rate (with EC ticks starting at t = 59/60 sec as in the clip) can be found here: https://www.desmos.com/calculator/dvuggrzysj

The green graph indicate the usual 2U at 1U decay with the initial 20% gauge drop (aura tax). It predicts that after 4EC ticks

EDIT: there is no gauge left at all and no electro aura persists.

The red graph does not contain aura tax (which implies that it happened when the 1U Electro aura applied and that the second slower decay rate persists after the aura was refreshed with the 2U Electro). As we can see, after 4EC ticks there is 0.53 seconds of Electro aura left which is exactly what happens in the clip.

EDIT: this clip contradicts my explanation: https://streamable.com/exkn57 Here we have 1U into 4U electro that lasts 38 seconds which suggests there was an aura tax on 4U (otherwise it would've lasted 9 seconds longer).

Significance:

One step closer to understanding EC I guess.

EC + Heavy Hits Stagger Lock

By: Valeturi#5963 Added: 04/05/2021

Finding: Electro-charged + heavy hit instances can stagger lock.

Evidence: Youtube

  1. Apply electro-charged and deal heavy hits to target

  2. Stagger resistance will be reduced

  3. A threshold will be met and allows electro-charged heavy hits to stun lock ruin guard

Applying electro-charged (EC) and dealing heavy hits (HH) on ruin guards appears to reduce the ruin guard's stun resistance. This will eventually allow the ruin guard to be stun locked without weak point hits. Stun will continue until EC and HH application expires.

First clip 0:00-0:40 Evidence that this is practicable in the overworld

  1. Xingqiu's Q + Beidou's Q = electro-charged normal attacks

  2. Xiao's Q empowers normal attacks and plunges to be HH capable

  3. Using electro-charged N1CJP for a duration will put the ruin guard into a pseudo stun state

  4. EC application expires

  5. Xiao's Q expires and loses HH potential

  6. Ruin guard is no longer stun locked and resumes attacking

The weak point hit at 0:20 was accidental and does not contribute to EC/HH stunning.

Second clip 0:41-2:04 Evidence that this is practicable in the abyss. Timestamps are of heavy hit instances.

  • 01:10 - Xiao's N1CP stuns

  • 01:20 - Xingqiu's Q stun

  • 01:28 - Beidou's perfect E stun

  • 01:30 - Beidou's Q stun

  • 01:37 - Xiao's N1CP stun resumes

Significance:

  • Ruin guards can be disabled without weak point hits

  • Ruin guards can be more easily CC'd in close-quarters

  • AOE DMG can be more easily consolidated

  • Incoming DMG can be mitigated

  • Abyss teams can forgo the need for an archer to disable ruin guards

Frozen + Shatter

Simultaneous Hydro/Frozen Application

By: Ayzel#7399 Added: 6/11/2021 Discussion

Finding: Finding: Applying a 2U Hydro -> 1U Cryo aura will cause the enemy to be affected by both frozen and hydro. However, applying a 1U Cryo -> 2U Hydro will only cause the enemy to be affected by frozen.

Evidence: https://youtu.be/wTNjwEvPrEk

In the above video, in the first situation I apply 1U Cryo with Ganyu, then 2U Hydro with Childe, and the enemy is only affected by Frozen, as displayed by Diluc only shattering when hitting the enemy with a heavy pyro attack. However, in the second situation, I apply 2U Hydro with Childe, then 1U Cryo with Ganyu, and the enemy is affected by Frozen and Hydro, as displayed by Diluc vaporizing with a heavy pyro attack.

Significance: More knowledge about how frozen interacts with underlying auras, possibly better rotations

Blunt Attacks have no ICD

By: jstern25#1399 Added: 04/09/2021

Theory: Blunt attacks have no ICD, meaning they will always trigger shatter. This makes it suboptimal to run freeze with any character whose attacks have the "blunt" attribute.

Evidence: https://youtu.be/3rAbh9Gp2jw

Significance: Characters with blunt attribute attacks benefit significantly less from the 4 piece Blizzard Strayer's passive.

Shatter Damage ICD

By: Monochrom9#8058 Added 6/3/2021 Discussion

Finding: Shatter reactions can deal damage only twice within the span of 0.5 seconds.

Evidence: Imgur GIF

Significance: Shatter damage is constrained in the same way that SC and Swirl is.

Reaction Priority in Comparison to Shatter

By: EternalDream#5503

Finding: Heavy attacks (such as claymores, Geo, Klee's bombs, etc) will apply Shatter on Frozen targets before any Elemental damage is dealt

Evidence:

https://pastebin.com/n5KSZv5L

After applying Frozen status to a Hydro-affected enemy, such as Hydro Slimes, attack them with any heavy elemental attack.

If an enemy has a natural aura or something like Xingqiu's Rain swords apply a new aura as the enemy is Shattered, the attack will react with the relevant Aura element, showing that the Elemental damage is "delayed" until after an enemy is already shattered.

Significance:

This is especially relevant for Razor, who cannot Superconduct Frozen targets with his Hold E, forcing the usage of Tap E. Additionally, Klee cannot Melt frozen targets, and you cannot create Cryo Crystallize shields off of frozen targets with Geo attacks.

This also allows Chongyun to chain Shatter back to back every ICD of his cryo-converted normal attacks, as long as Hydro element is re-applied immediately after Shatter.

Freeze Aura Mechanics

By: BowlSoldier#3528 Added: 12/22/2020

Finding: Freeze reduces the aura element by the trigger element, the same as any normal reaction. The original aura still exists invisibly underneath this new "Freeze” aura which behaves similar to normal cryo aura.

Evidence:

My full spreadsheet of test results: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1i9GdQiO9PeWeoyagcqiBfz02Mk6JzDn3W_4xmDx6Xug/edit?usp=sharing

In the following video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PuOtM41S7HA&feature=youtu.be

I apply 1U Cryo to an extended, 19s 2U Hydro. We can see that the 19s Hydro source lasted just over 7 seconds, which fits the estimated 11.875s reduction of 1U. A normal, 12s 2U aura is reduced by 7.5s, again, a 1U reduction.

In one half of the video, I Shatter the Cryo. We can see that the underlying Hydro was unaffected by the Shatter, and lasted the same amount of time (minus the hitlag from Noelle's attack). If the Aura element was not completely reduced by the Freeze reaction, it still exists invisibly "underneath" the Frozen aura. It can be seen again by Shattering or otherwise reacting with the Freeze aura.

A Frozen Cryo aura has a different icon:

Some reactions affect only the Freeze aura. Some reactions affect both, and so will also eliminate the original aura.

Only one reaction seems to be able to happen at a time. So if you apply Pyro to a Freeze with an underlying Hydro aura, only a Melt happens. Hydro cannot Melt, so the Hydro is not affected, only the Freeze. If the underlying aura is Cryo, Cryo can Melt, so the Melt will reduce both the Freeze and the original Cryo aura.

Shatter only affects the Freeze aura, as a normal Cryo aura cannot Shatter.

Swirl affects all elements, so it is the only reaction that can affect all 3 types of aura.

Geo immediately Shatters with the Freeze aura before Crystallize can happen, then reacts with the underlying element.

Edit: Not accurate, as Razor's tap E will reduce the Hydro aura. Requires further testing.

Significance: This improves our knowledge of Freeze and how to sequence reactions.

Duration of Freeze Aura

By: BowlSoldier#3528 Added: 12/22/2020

Finding:

Freeze duration is based off the current minimum of the Cryo and Hydro elements, regardless of their order. It scales non-linearly with the Units involved.

Evidence: Full spreadsheet of tests: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1i9GdQiO9PeWeoyagcqiBfz02Mk6JzDn3W_4xmDx6Xug/edit#gid=370189053

I tested Freeze with varied timings, to see how the decay of the original Aura affects the final Freeze timing.

In this image, the blue dots show how long Freeze lasts when you apply a 2U aura, let it decay to a smaller aura strength, then apply a 2U trigger. Eg. if you wait until there is only 1U aura left, then apply 2U trigger, the Freeze lasts about 3.5s.

The purple dots represent the same test, but with a 1U trigger. Above 1U of the Aura remaining, the Freeze duration always remains the same. You are limited by the 1U Trigger.

1U -> 2U and 2U -> 1U Freeze for the same duration. 3.45-3.5s. Order does not matter, only the minimum U amount between the two elements.

I excluded the cases where I was limited by the trigger, and attempted to fit a linear graph to my findings that passes through 0, since 0U = 0 Freeze timing.

This does not fit the data well. Also we know from testing on Hydro shields and Slimes that 1U = 3.5s, which matches our data, and 2U = 5.8s. If the graph was linear, we would expect 2U to be twice that of the 1U application, so 7s.

The actual behavior is likely closer to this red line, that curves to give diminishing returns at higher U values. This curve predicts a duration of about 5.7s for 2U, which matches our slime findings.

Here is the full graph: https://www.desmos.com/calculator/jwzecgzmld

Significance:

Only the smallest U matters in a Freeze reaction. We can apply 1U and 2U triggers to try to figure out the "strength" U of Freeze.

Various GU Values of Shatter based on Different Types of Attacks

By: Bobrokrot#0111

Theory: Shatter reaction has different U values depending on the attack triggering it. Possible U values: 0.25U, 0.5U, 0.75U, ~1.75U(?) EDIT: possible values vary heavily, see next submission

Evidence: (all of tests below were conducted with lvl1 weapons and only an upgraded flower among artifacts)

1) 12 Ningguang basic attacks to break a Cryo Abyss mage shield with 2 shards hitting the enemy [0.5U per attack + 0.5U total Shatter value] *12 = 12U total) https://youtu.be/jcTpDb2HNjg

2) 16 Ningguang basic attacks to break a Cryo Abyss mage shield with only 1 shards hitting the enemy (the other is blocked by a tree) [0.5U per attack + 0.25U Shatter value] * 16 = 12U total https://youtu.be/XYo_22pvtkY

3) 7 Geo MC Es to break a Cryo Abyss mage shield [1U per attack + 0.75U Shatter value]*7 =12.25U total https://youtu.be/yhFv5ehwoog

4) slightly less than 16 Chongyun Es to break a Cryo Abyss mage shield (yes, despite Chongyun being Cryo character) 0.75U Shatter * 15 = 11.25U. Now here is where I am not sure because after 15 attacks there is a sliver of health left of the shield. 15 Shatters of a lvl 20 character deal 1785 damage which is not enough according to my previous submissions. But Ningguang Shatters are 0.25U. Maybe Chongyun's 0.75U deals 3 instances of 0.25U Shatter? (specifically to Cryo Abyss shield since it never actually breaks; need further testing) https://youtu.be/xG9kDTl9O8g

5) less than 5 Beidou's Es to break a Cryo Abyss mage shield [2U Electro + 0.75U Shatter]4 = 11U https://youtu.be/F2P0DcCls34

6) less than 4 Beidou's perfect parry to break a Cryo Abyss mage shield [2U Electro + 1.75U]3 = 11.25U https://youtu.be/Kxm8hoKCLX4

7) 24 claymore basic attacks to break a Cryo Abyss mage shield [0.5U Shatter] (sorry, didn't bother recording this, I'll edit it later) EDIT: claymore attack U values vary HEAVILY, see next submission

Significance:

Certain characters (or rather certain attacks) break Cryo Abyss mage shield more effectively.

Preliminary findings on Claymore Shatter GU

Finding:

Preliminary findings on Shatter GU values of claymore attacks.

Evidence:

1.1) Chongyun N1 has 0.65U Shatter: https://youtu.be/DVpCJnOzuFI

1.2) Chongyun N2 has 0.55U Shatter: 10x(0.65+0.55) = 12 exactly: https://youtu.be/idYRG431Vo0

1.3) Chongyun N3 has 0.75U Shatter: 6x(0.65 + 0.55 + 0.75) plus sliver = 11.7 + sliver: https://youtu.be/BheadzaM3n8

2.1) Razor N1 has 2/3)or ~0.67U Shatter: https://youtu.be/1cvoXeZ0cAc

2.2) Razor N2 has 0.75U Shatter: 8x(0.67 + 0.75) +0.67 = 12 exactly: https://youtu.be/_J0O9K-Rgb8

2.3) Razor N3 has 0.55U Shatter: 6x(0.67 + 0.75 + 0.55) plus sliver = 11.8 plus sliver: https://youtu.be/ZTnDrWT7AwY

2.4) Razor N4 has ~1U Shatter: 5x0.67 + 4x0.75 + 4x0.55 + 3x1 plus sliver = 11.533 plus sliver: https://youtu.be/w-zaE5O9-3E

3.1) Beidou N1 has 0.5U Shatter: https://youtu.be/OEYOMLn4f9w

3.2) Beidou N2 has 0.49U(???) Shatter (idk what is going on, it;s 12N1, 11N2 plus sliver): https://youtu.be/XR4TGkBFAD4

4.1) Noelle N1 probably has 0.65U Shatter (my Noelle is lvl 70 thus shatter damage might be relevant though): https://youtu.be/EXaXEo9s0eU

4.2) Noelle N2 has 0.55U Shatter: 10x0.65 + 9x0.55 plus sliver = 11.45 plus sliver. It looks like it should've been exactly 0.55U, but lvl70 Shatter has taken it down slightly: https://youtu.be/GfYGrEBtjnQ

4.3) Noelle N3 has 075U Shatter: 6x(0.65 + 0.55 + 0.75) plus sliver = 11.7: https://youtu.be/MEIbwHi6d6w

4.4) Noelle N4 has 1U Shatter: 12x0.65 + 2x0.55 + 2x0.75 + Beidou's 1x0.5 + N4 plus sliver = 10.9 + N4 + sliver: https://youtu.be/hlpnQkNc-DQ bonus clips for Noelle N4: https://youtu.be/uk17iITal8Y https://youtu.be/xZRQhEZaO1A

Significance: It might help us figure out how to optimize shield breaking as claymore users. Also possible connection to stagger values and geo armor breaking (although not all attacks that break geo armor shatter. Maybe threshold of 0.5U or smth?)

Swirl

How to get Double Swirls

By: Ayzel#7399 Added: 5/5/2021 Discussion

Finding: On both Electro-Charged targets and Frozen targets with a simultaneous Hydro aura (where both the Frozen icon and a Hydro icon show up above the target's head), it is possible to get a "double swirl," where both elements (Electro and Hydro in the EC case, or Cryo and Hydro in the Frozen case) are both swirled. This can debuff the enemy's resistance to both elements. In order for a double swirl to occur, the gauge reduction from the Anemo hit must be greater than the Electro gauge (in the case of EC) or the Hydro gauge (in Frozen/Hydro). If two gauges are on the target, and Anemo is not stronger than one of the two, the anemo attack will swirl Electro (for EC) or Hydro (for Freeze/Hydro).

Evidence: Gauge reduction caused by Anemo must be greater than the hydro gauge (in the case where there is both a Hydro and Freeze aura present) or the Electro aura (in the case of electro-charged) in for a double swirl to occur

A future test of 1U Freeze, 2U Hydro, 2U Anemo is technically necessary to say for certain that the anemo reduction must be greater than the hydro aura in Freeze/Hydro, rather than any one of the gauges present. However, EC works this way and there is no known current method to test the above, so the behavior is currently believed to extend to Freeze/Hydro.

If the anemo gauge reduction isn't greater, the swirl will be Electro(EC)/Hydro(Freeze)

Significance: More knowledge about how swirl works, better rotations and team-building

Swirl AOE Limit

By: Terrapin#8603 Added: 4/30/2021 Discussion

Finding: Swirl has an AOE limit, where only two instances of AoE damage can happen for any swirled element. For example, if there are four targets who are all infused with electro, and an AOE anemo skill is used, only two instances of electro damage will be dealt to the four targets.

Evidence: (from Terrapin's Swirl Guide here): https://imgur.com/a/sFnA4YH

Significance: better understanding of swirl, assisting in teambuilding

Swirl Chain Reactions

By: Terrapin#8603 Added: 4/26/2021 Discussion

Finding: When a Swirl reaction occurs and the AOE effect of the swirl reaction meets another enemy with an aura, the swirled element will cause a reaction with that aura. This reaction will use the Anemo user's Character Level and Elemental Mastery to determine damage (if applicable). The subsequent reactions work in the same way that normal reactions do.

Evidence:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0JMdHidAFEk From this video, using a level 89 Sucrose with 0 Elemental Mastery, we can see that Swirl chain amplifying reactions work in the same way as normal - scaling off the respective reaction multiplier.

  • A Cryo Swirl AoE that makes contact with an enemy with a Pyro aura causes the Cryo damage to reverse Melt, becoming amplified by 1.5x (632*1.5≈949)

  • A Pyro Swirl AoE that makes contact with an enemy with a Cryo aura causes the Pyro damage to forward Melt, becoming amplified by 2x (632*2≈1265)

  • A Hydro Swirl AoE that makes contact with an enemy with a Pyro aura causes the Wet application to Vaporise, doing no damage.

  • A Pyro Swirl AoE that makes contact with an enemy with a Hydro aura causes the Pyro damage to reverse Vaporise, becoming amplified by 1.5x (632*≈949)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sexFAXpYlcM In this video, we can see that Elemental Mastery affects amplifying reactions as normal. Here, Sucrose has 692 Elemental Mastery, which should give her a 92% bonus to Melt.

  • A Pyro Swirl AoE that makes contact with an enemy with a Cryo aura causes the Pyro damage to forward Melt, becoming amplified by 2 x 1.92 = 3.84x (2027*3.84≈7783)

  • A Cryo Swirl AoE that makes contact with an enemy with a Pyro aura causes the Cryo damage to reverse Melt, becoming amplified by 1.5 x 1.92 = 2.88x (2027*2.88≈5837)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MmRm0zO1C6Q In this video, Sucrose has over 100% crit rate, but the swirl chain reaction she causes does not score critical hits against the enemy, which proves that the chain amplifying reactions caused by Swirl cannot crit. In the video, Sucrose has 194 Elemental Mastery, giving her a 33.9% damage bonus to Melt.

  • A Cryo Swirl AoE that makes contact with an enemy with a Pyro aura causes the Cryo damage to reverse Melt, becoming amplified by 1.5 x 1.339 = 2.0085x (1146*2.0085≈2303)

  • The 2.0085x multiplier seen in the video comes solely from the Melt reaction, which proves that swirl chain reactions that cause amplifying reactions can't crit.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8yAPFLmMxA In this video, Sucrose triggers swirl to cause transformative chain reactions, which are also calculated with Sucrose's Elemental Mastery and Level.

Significance: Allows for better team-building and rotations, along with more understanding of how swirl works.

Elemental Infusion on Electro-Charged Enemy

By: Ayzel#7399 Added: 04/20/2021 Discussion

Finding: When Venti and Sucrose's bursts make contact with a mob which is affected by Electro-charged, the burst will infuse Hydro.

Evidence: (provided by Terrapin) EC Absorption Test Sucrose - Hydro applied first EC Absorption Test Sucrose- Electro applied first EC Absorption Test - Venti Burst

Significance: good knowledge for teambuilding purposes; shows that EC teams which run Sucrose or Venti will see more Hydro elemental application due to infusion.

Crystallize

Crystallize refresh

By: Terrapin#8603 Added: 5/22/2021 Discussion

Theory: Crystallize resets when a new one is picked up, and the shield value is based on the character that produced the Crystallize, even if a previous Crystallize generated by a different character is currently on the active character.

Evidence: Youtube

The first test in the video shows that Noelle's Crystallize on Noelle can take at least 4 hits from attacks that do the same damage without breaking. The second test shows that Zhongli's Crystallize on Noelle can only take 2 hits before breaking on the third hit, taking 1139 damage. The third test shows Noelle's Crystallize on Noelle take a single hit, and then is reset by Zhongli's Crystallize which then takes 2 hits before breaking on the third hit, taking 1139 damage.

Significance: Crystallize shields do not stack, and they do not refresh based on a shield being stronger or weaker. Crystallize users should plan accordingly with their character level and Elemental Mastery on the character that will be creating Crystallizes that will be picked up.

Crystallize Shields don't Stack

By: Terrapin#8603 Added: 5/9/2021 Discussion

Finding: Shields created from a crystallize reaction do not stack.

Evidence: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JBIWuMTYQQk

The first test in the video shows Noelle picking up a Cryo Crystallize shield and then a Pyro Crystallize shield. She then takes several hits of Cryo damage which breaks the Pyro Crystallize shield. There is no remaining Cryo Crystallize shield.

The second test in the video shows Noelle picking up a Cryo Crystallize shield, and taking many hits of Cryo damage where the shield does not break. If the shields stacked, in the original test the Cryo Crystallize shield should have persisted after the Pyro Crystallize shield was broken.

Significance: The player should only pick up correct-element crystallize crystals when fighting enemies dealing specific elemental damage.

Crystallize on an Electro-Charged Enemy

By: Jonahfarc#7056 Added: 04/14/2021

Finding: Crystallizing an Electro-Charged enemy always results in an Electro crystal.

Evidence: https://youtu.be/Z9zOXsy_qUY

I electro charged in different orders with different application strengths. The result was always an Electro crystal.

Significance: Don't expect a Hydro crystal for petra buff on Electro-Charged opponents.